TOPIC: Timeline of alphabets and differences. Evidence rqd.
24 runes. 3 x 8. Used to write Proto-Norse.
|Extended: 29-33 runes.|
|Mix of Elder Futhark with Anglo-Saxon.
It is an attempt to represent all letters
of the Latin alphabet with runic equivilents.
Younger Futhark (9th-11th centuries)
(also Scandinavian Futhark).
|Reduced for of Elder. 16 characters. Corresponds with
the phonetic changes when Proto-Norse become Old Norse.
Split into 2 – Long-branch (Danish) and short-twig
(Norwegian/Swedish) runes. This is due to
functionality (long for stone, short for wood).
|Now it has one phoneme per Old Norse one.
Now there are signs for voiceless marks
(kinda like having a silent ‘e’ like in ‘give’).
Was side by side with Latin characters.
New runes for vowel sounds.
S, c and Z used interchangably with other characters.
Dalecarlian Runes (16th-19th Centuries)
Mix of latin and runic characters from an isolated area in Sweden.
Mainly used in conjunction with Elfdalian (North Germanic language.)